What is periodontitis?
Periodontitis is a gum infection that damages the soft tissue and bone that supports teeth. It can cause tooth loss as well as an increased risk of heart attack, stroke and other serious problems.
Periodontitis causes the inner layer of the gum and bone to pull away from the teeth and form pockets where debris and bacteria collect. The toxins produced by the bacteria break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. As the disease progresses teeth are no longer anchored in place. Periodontitis is usually the result of poor oral hygiene but there can be other factors such as hormonal changes, medications, illnesses and family history of gum disease. The most common treatment is scaling and root planing to remove tartar and bacteria from your tooth surfaces. Brushing, flossing daily and regular dental checkups can reduce your chance of developing periodontitis.